Canada is looking to counteract the negative effects of having one of the oldest populations in the world by setting highly-ambitious immigration plans.
Between 2021 and 2023, Canada wants to welcome more than 1.23 million immigrants who should help the country reverse its currently dipping economy. With 18% of its population over the age of 65 and one of the world’s lowest birth rates at 1.47 births per woman, Canada is looking overseas for permanent residents.
Why is Canada so keen on immigration?
While the United States and several countries in Europe are restricting immigration, Canada is one of the few states in the world that looks to welcome as many immigrants as it can.
Canada has a population of over 37.5 million people at the moment. However, due to its large territory, it is also one of the least populated countries in the world with just 4 human inhabitants per square kilometre.
Since its inception in 1867, Canada has enhanced its number of inhabitants steadily but only accepted more than 400,000 immigrants once, in 1913. Unfortunately, the current economic state of the country and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has urged the authorities to increase their immigration capacity.
What to expect in 2021?
To boost the labor force and economic growth, Canada plans to welcome at least 400,000 immigrants in 2021. The upcoming residents should overturn the descending curve in immigration which saw at least 64% fewer people becoming permanent Canadian residents in August 2020 compared to August 2021. Before COVID-19 spread like wildfire across the world, Canada had planned to welcome 400,000 immigrants in 2020. However, after having to shut its borders, the country will close the year with little over 60,000 new permanent residents.
However, even breaking the record of new immigrants per year might not help Canada improve its fortunes. So, the Canadian government has set even higher goals for the next few years as the country is expecting to receive at least 400,000 new residents in 2022 and in 2023.
The applicants will include people from various backgrounds, such as:
- Federal economic, provincial/territorial nominees
- Quebec-selected skilled workers and business applicants
- Family reunification applicants
- Protected persons
- Humanitarian and compassionate cases
How U.S. citizens and residents can immigrate to Canada
United States citizens have the easiest way of entering Canada. The United States represents the fifth-most popular country of origin for immigration applicants in Canada. Currently, Americans can immigrate to Canada for work or study, as well as through spousal sponsorship. Additionally, they can use express entry or be part of a provincial program for immigration.
U.S. citizens also benefit from less strict restrictions imposed during the coronavirus pandemic in Canada. As a result, they have an easier entry into the country and are exempt from travel restrictions if they have obtained their confirmation of permanent residence after March 18, 2020.